Category:MCUs

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Common Type MCU

Type Company Price Package
  • Flash
  • SRAM
  • EEPROM
! Core
  • UART
  • SPI
  • IIC
  • ADC
  • Timer
  • PWM
  • Comparator
  • DAC
Extra Datasheet link
EFM8BB10 Silabs 8-bit C8051, EFM8 5-7 SO16, QFN20
  • F-8KB
  • R-512B
  • E-?
max 25mhz Y/Y/Y
  • 1/4 x16-bit timer
  • 3 x channel enhanced PWM / PCA
  • Temperature sensor
  • 2xlow-current analog comparators
STM8S003F3P6 STM8 1-2 TSSOP20 8KB/1KB/128b 16 MHz
STC15F101W, STC15F104(W) STC STC15 8-bit C8051 1-2 SOP8 4KB/128B/1KB 5MHz ~ 35MHz? simulate UART - / 2 / - -
STC15W204S STC STC15 8-bit C8051 1-2 SOP8, SOP16 4KB/256B/1KB  ? Y/N/N N/2/?/Y PDF
PIC12F629/675 PIC 1-2 SOP8 1.75KB/64B/128B PDF
ATTINY13A-SSU AVR 8-bit 3-5 SOP8 1KB/64B/64B 20 MHz ISP
  • 4x10bit
  • 1
  • 2
ATmega328/P AVR 8-bit 5-7 DIL28, TQFP 32KB/2KB/1KB 20 MHz Y/Y/Y
  • 8(6)x10b
  • 2+1
  • 6
  • -
  • -
ATmega328/P datasheet link
STM32F030F4P6 STM32 2-4 TSSOP20 16-256 KB/ 4-32KB/ PDF
STM32F103C8T6 STM32 6-8 LQFP48 64or128KB/20KB/? 72 MHz datasheet link
EM78P173N EMC OTP-ROM 0-1 datasheet
MSP430F413 MSP 3-5 64-Pin QFP (PM) and 64-Pin QFN 8KB+256B/256B/- PDF
LGT8F328D Logicgreen 8-bit 2-3 TQFP 32KB/2KB/0~8KB(share with FLASH) 16M (MAX 32M) Y/Y/Y
  • 6x12b
  • -
  • 6
  • -
  • 1

Microcontroller Overview

Definition: A microcontroller is a single chip containing at least a CPU, non-volatile memory, volatile memory, a timer and an I/O control unit.


Basically a microcontroller can be described as a computer on a chip. The difference between a microcontroller and a regular PC is that the PC is a general purpose computer while a microcontroller is a computer dedicated to one or just a few tasks.


A microcontroller apart from the above mentioned components usually also include, but not limited to, serial communication capabilities, interrupt controls and analog I/O capabilities. The figure below gives the basic layout of a general AVR microcontroller.
Microcontoller Components.png

Microcontroller (MCU) vs Microprocessor

What is a microcontroller?


A Microcontroller is basically a computer on a chip. It differs form normal desktop or laptop computers in that a microcontroller is an application specific computer that usually runs a single program performing dedicated task(s) while the the later two are general purpose computers that can run numerous programs depending on a users needs. A microcontroller contains on chip CPU, input/output interface, memory, clock, timer, and an assortment of of other peripherals.


A Microprocessor on the other hand is just a CPU one has to add externally memory, clock, input/output interfaces, timer and all other needed peripheral. This is the reason a microprocessor has so many pins.

Microcontroller-Microprocessor.png

Advantages of a similar microcontroller vs microprocessor product

  • Product smaller - A microcontroller product has many components on one chip and so is more compact. With a microprocessor product one have to add several other chips and so its bulky.
  • Cheaper - All the components on a microcontroller is manufacturer on a single chip and so is mush cheaper than having to manufacture several chips as is the case for a microprocessor system.
  • AVR Tutorials hopes that this tutorial on microcontroller vs microprocessor systems was beneficial to you and looks for to your continued visits for all your microcontroller tutorial needs.

Subcategories

This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.

Pages in category "MCUs"

This category contains only the following page.