HMC

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Dimension, schematic


Demo code

Arduino demo code

#define HMC5883_WriteAddress 0x1E //  i.e 0x3C >> 1
#define HMC5883_ModeRegisterAddress 0x02
#define HMC5883_ContinuousModeCommand 0x00
#define HMC5883_DataOutputXMSBAddress  0x03
 
int regb=0x01;
int regbdata=0x40;
 
int outputData[6];
 
void setup()
{  
    Serial.begin(9600);
    Wire.begin();       //Initiate the Wire library and join the I2C bus as a master
 
}
 
void loop() {
 
    int i,x,y,z;
    double angle;
 
    Wire.beginTransmission(HMC5883_WriteAddress);
    Wire.send(regb);
    Wire.send(regbdata);
    Wire.endTransmission();
 
    delay(1000);
    Wire.beginTransmission(HMC5883_WriteAddress); //Initiate a transmission with HMC5883 (Write address).
    Wire.send(HMC5883_ModeRegisterAddress);       //Place the Mode Register Address in send-buffer.
    Wire.send(HMC5883_ContinuousModeCommand);     //Place the command for Continuous operation Mode in send-buffer.
    Wire.endTransmission();                       //Send the send-buffer to HMC5883 and end the I2C transmission.
    delay(100);
 
 
    Wire.beginTransmission(HMC5883_WriteAddress);  //Initiate a transmission with HMC5883 (Write address).
    Wire.requestFrom(HMC5883_WriteAddress,6);      //Request 6 bytes of data from the address specified.
 
    delay(500);
 
 
    //Read the value of magnetic components X,Y and Z
 
    if(6 <= Wire.available()) // If the number of bytes available for reading be <=6.
    {
        for(i=0;i<6;i++)
        {
            outputData=Wire.receive();  //Store the data in outputData buffer
        }
    }
 
    x=outputData[0] << 8 | outputData[1]; //Combine MSB and LSB of X Data output register
    z=outputData[2] << 8 | outputData[3]; //Combine MSB and LSB of Z Data output register
    y=outputData[4] << 8 | outputData[5]; //Combine MSB and LSB of Y Data output register
 
 
    angle= atan2((double)y,(double)x) * (180 / 3.14159265) + 180; // angle in degrees
 
    /*
 
  Refer the following application note for heading calculation.
  http://www.ssec.honeywell.com/magnetic/datasheets/lowcost.pdf  
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  atan2(y, x) is the angle in radians between the positive x-axis of a plane and the point
  given by the coordinates (x, y) on it. 
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
  This sketch does not utilize the magnetic component Z as tilt compensation can not be done without an Accelerometer
 
  ----------------->y
  |
  |
  |
  |
  |
  |
 \/
  x 
 
 
 
     N 
 NW  |  NE
     |  
W----------E
     |
 SW  |  SE
     S
 
 */ 
 
 
    //Print the approximate direction
 
    Serial.print("You are heading ");
    if((angle < 22.5) || (angle > 337.5 ))
        Serial.print("South");
    if((angle > 22.5) && (angle < 67.5 ))
        Serial.print("South-West");
    if((angle > 67.5) && (angle < 112.5 ))
        Serial.print("West");
    if((angle > 112.5) && (angle < 157.5 ))
        Serial.print("North-West");
    if((angle > 157.5) && (angle < 202.5 ))
        Serial.print("North");
    if((angle > 202.5) && (angle < 247.5 ))
        Serial.print("NorthEast");
    if((angle > 247.5) && (angle < 292.5 ))
        Serial.print("East");
    if((angle > 292.5) && (angle < 337.5 ))
        Serial.print("SouthEast");
 
    Serial.print(": Angle between X-axis and the South direction ");
    if((0 < angle) && (angle < 180) )
    {
        angle=angle;
    }
    else
    {
        angle=360-angle;
    }
    Serial.print(angle,2);
    Serial.println(" Deg");
    delay(100);
}

Demo Code with library V2

Wiring

  • Arduino GND -> HMC5883L GND
  • Arduino 3.3V -> HMC5883L VCC
  • Arduino A4 (SDA) -> HMC5883L SDA
  • Arduino A5 (SCL) -> HMC5883L SCL

Library

  • get the library Here and put in your library folder.


Simplied Arduino Code

  • Use the example or demo code below, Open the Arduino serial monitor to see the results (X plane angle, Y plane angle, Z plane angle):
210631cqcqcocchk4pak94.jpg
#include <Wire.h> 
#include <HMC5883L.h> 
HMC5883L compass; 
void setup() 
{ 
  Serial.begin(9600); 
  Wire.begin(); 
  compass = HMC5883L(); 
  compass.SetScale(1.3); 
  compass.SetMeasurementMode(Measurement_Continuous); 
} 
void loop() 
{ 
  MagnetometerRaw raw = compass.ReadRawAxis(); 
  MagnetometerScaled scaled = compass.ReadScaledAxis(); 
  float xHeading = atan2(scaled.YAxis, scaled.XAxis); 
  float yHeading = atan2(scaled.ZAxis, scaled.XAxis); 
  float zHeading = atan2(scaled.ZAxis, scaled.YAxis); 
  if(xHeading < 0) xHeading += 2*PI; 
  if(xHeading > 2*PI) xHeading -= 2*PI; 
  if(yHeading < 0) yHeading += 2*PI; 
  if(yHeading > 2*PI) yHeading -= 2*PI; 
  if(zHeading < 0) zHeading += 2*PI; 
  if(zHeading > 2*PI) zHeading -= 2*PI; 
  float xDegrees = xHeading * 180/M_PI; 
  float yDegrees = yHeading * 180/M_PI; 
  float zDegrees = zHeading * 180/M_PI; 
  Serial.print(xDegrees); 
  Serial.print(","); 
  Serial.print(yDegrees); 
  Serial.print(","); 
  Serial.print(zDegrees); 
  Serial.println(";"); 
  delay(100); 
}

Datasheet