Difference between revisions of "OpenWrt"

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== Compile ==
+
#redirect [[category: Openwrt]]
* https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt
 
* no need to run it as root
 
* git clone:
 
branch openwrt-18.06: git clone -b openwrt-18.06 https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt.git
 
branch chaos_calmer is legacy: git clone -b chaos_calmer https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt.git
 
* update
 
cd openwrt          //enter into openwrt folder
 
./scripts/feeds update -a    // update install package
 
./scripts/feeds install -a      //install updates
 
* make menuconfig
 
* Setup for MicroSD card & IOT Device mode or IOT gateway modes
 
Kernel modules    --->
 
  Other modules    --->
 
    <*> kmod-sdhci-mt7620
 
* Make it - make V=s
 
=== output ===
 
Firmware
 
* /openwrt/bin/ramips/openwrt-ramips-mt7628-mt7628-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
 
* /openwrt/bin/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wr710n-v2.1-squashfs-factory.bin
 
IPK packages
 
* /openwrt/ bin/ramips/packages/
 
* /openwrt/bin/targets/ar71xx/generic/packages/”
 
* /openwrt/bin/packages/
 
=== Update ===
 
Via web interface
 
* Firmware could be updated via LUCI webpage
 
Via CLI command sysupgrade
 
* use SCP copy file to openwrt /tmp folder, and run command: sysupgrade -v openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wr842n-v3-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
 
* For the following error, run -F to force update:
 
Invalid image, hardware ID mismatch, hw:07200103 00000001 image:08420003 00000001.
 
Via CLI command mtd
 
* mtd -r write /tmp/original_firmware.bin firmware
 
 
 
== Openwrt Folder List ==
 
== Menuconfig ==
 
=== For AR9331 ===
 
* Target System (Atheros AR7xxx/AR9xxx)  --->                                            │ │ 
 
* Subtarget (Generic)  ---> 
 
* Target Profile (TP-LINK TL-WR720N v3)  --->
 
* Target Images  ---> squashfs  --->
 
 
 
== Build and Use Toolchain ==
 
* in menuconfig, tick option "Build the OpenWrt based Toolchain"
 
* Toolchain can be found at "/bin/ramips/OpenWrt-Toolchain-ramips-mt7628_gcc-4.8-linaro_uClibc-0.9.33.2.Linux-i686.tar.bz2"
 
* Install toolchain: sudo tar -jxvf ./bin/ramips/OpenWrt-Toolchain-ramips-mt7628_gcc-4.8-linaro_uClibc-0.9.33.2.Linux-i686.tar.bz2    -C /opt/
 
 
 
== C application ==
 
* Compile use mipsel-openwrt-linux-gcc
 
* mipsel-openwrt-linux-gcc hello_world.c -o hello_world
 
Run the complied application
 
* chmod +x /tmp/hello_world  //add executable rights
 
* /tmp/hello_world          //run“hello_world”application
 
== IPK Application ==
 
* Save src file at ./package/utils
 
* In menuconfig -> Utilities , add this package
 
=== Compile ===
 
* cd ./package/utils    //enter into package/utils folder
 
* mkdir hello_world        //make“hello_world” folder for source code
 
* cd hello_world
 
* mkdir src      //make src folder for source code
 
* nano src/hello_world.c  //create hello_world.c file in src
 
* nano src/Makefile    // add a new Makefile
 
* make menuconfig
 
* Utilities    --->
 
<M> hello_world.................... Hello world -prints a hello world message
 
* make V=s
 
* find installation file at openwrt/ bin/ramips/packages/base/hello_world_1.0_ramips_24kec.ipk
 
=== Install ===
 
* opkg install /tmp/usbutils_007-1_ramips_24kec.ipk
 
=== Applications ===
 
* 4G network card: kmod-mii, kmod-usb-net, kmod-usb-wdm, kmod-usb-net-qmi-wwan, uqmi
 
* USB file system: ntfs-3g, kmod-fs-ext4, kmod-fs-vfat
 
* Audio play: kmod-usb-audio, madplay-alsa
 
* Audio Misc: zlib, libffi, libattr, libpthread, glib2, libflac, libmad, libcurl, libogg, libvorbisidec, mpd-mini
 
* libmpdclient, mpc
 
* USB webcamera: libjpeg, mjpg-streamer
 
* Web SIP Call: zlib, libopenssl, libpthread, libre, librem, baresip, kmod-sound-core, kmod-usb-audio, librt, alsa-lib, baresip-mod-alsa
 
 
 
== Usage ==
 
<gallery>
 
File:Openwrt set style and lanuage.png | Set lanuage and UI style
 
File:Openwrt bridge network.png | bridge the network, add Vlan2, Vlan2 is already setup in this firmware
 
File:Openwrt set DHCP network.png | Set Static network environment,  IP address - 192.168.1.120, gateway&DNS - 192.168.1.1, netmask - 255.255.255.0
 
File:Openwrt Diagnostics network.png | diagnostic network
 
File:Openwrt vlan switch.png | Completed turn off Vlan2, set Vlan1 as follow, now the router can be visited via the main network
 
File:Openwrit error returned 127.png | Error "returned 127" can be ignore when install packages.
 
</gallery>
 
* No need to setup anything for firewall
 
* Apps list can check on this page [[:category: Linux]]
 
* Use [[Transmission]]
 
* change mode to STA-client -> wifi -> find SSID:openwrt -> edit -> mode -> client -> scan -> join network -> enter password -> save
 
== Luci ==
 
Programming tutorial in chinese
 
* 1.http://www.right.com.cn/forum/thread-183560-1-1.html
 
* 2.http://www.tuicool.com/articles/zaUNfy
 
* 3.http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-23780428-id-4367351.html
 
* 4.http://blog.csdn.net/lvshaorong/article/details/53939138
 
Relvant connector can check this page: feeds/luci/modules/luci-base/luasrc/
 
[[category:Topics]]
 

Latest revision as of 03:21, 10 October 2019

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